Russian Navy uses Project 877 Paltus submarines to strike targets in Ukraine with Kalibr cruise missiles


According to information published by the newspaper’s website “The temperatureOn April 23, 2022, the Russian Navy uses Project 877 Paltus (Russian: Па́лтус, meaning “halibut”) submarines deployed in the Black Sea to strike targets in Ukraine with Kalibr cruise missiles.
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Paltus diesel-electric attack submarine of the Russian Navy’s Project 877. (Image source Wikimedia)

Citing naval experts and information from open sources, the Russian Navy will have at least 4 Project 877 submarines operating in the Black Sea, from which missile attacks are carried out on distant targets in the rear of the ship. ‘Ukraine. The use of submarines to launch missiles makes detection by radar or satellite more difficult.

Especially after the sinking of the Russian Navy cruiser Moskva by Ukrainian R-360 Neptune anti-ship missiles, Russia has increased the use of submarines to target Ukraine with missiles to reduce the risk of detection by Ukrainian Armed Forces. Modern submarines can launch missiles when submerged at keel depths typically less than 50 meters, which also makes detection very difficult.

Project 877 Paltus, NATO reporting name Kilo-class, is a diesel-electric attack submarine designed and built in the Soviet Union for the Soviet Navy. The submarine is designed to conduct anti-shipping and anti-submarine operations.

Project 877 Paltus can reach an underwater speed of 20 knots (37 km/h), dive to 300 meters and have a cruising capacity of 45 days. The crew includes 52 men, the underwater displacement is close to four thousand tons.

Project 877 carries up to four Kalibr cruise missiles for hitting ground (3M-54 and 3M-541) and ground (3M-14 cruise missiles) targets and has new electronic equipment.

The Kalibr is a family of Russian-made submarine-launched and airborne anti-ship and anti-ship missiles (AShM), land attack cruise missiles (LACM) and anti-submarine missiles developed by the Novator Design Bureau. According to Russian military sources, the missile has an estimated range of around 1,500-2,500 km.

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