Russia is developing a unique system capable of launching Tsirkon & Onyx missiles



According to information released by Tass on Nov. 24, 2022, the Tsirkon marine hypersonic missile system will also be able to launch Oniks hypersonic missiles, a source close to the Defense Ministry told TASS.
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P-800 anti-ship cruise missile 3M55 Oniks / Yakhont, Army 2017, Russia. (Image source: Vitaly V. Kuzmin)

The P-800 Oniks (Onyx), also known in export markets as the Yakhont, is a Soviet/Russian supersonic anti-ship cruise missile developed by NPO Mashinostroyeniya as a ramjet version of the P-80 Zubr.

Its GRAU designation is 3M55, the air-launched Kh-61 variant also exists. The missile bears the NATO code name SS-N-26 “Strobile”. Development officially began in 1983, and in the 1990s the anti-ship missile was tested on the Project 1234.7 ship.

In 2002, the missile passed the full range of tests and was put into service. It would replace the P-270 Moskit, and possibly also the P-700 Granit.

It is believed that supersonic anti-ship missiles are practically invulnerable to modern air defense systems. The radar guidance head allows the Onyx to precisely destroy surface and ground targets. Airplanes, helicopters equipped with certain radars, ships and submarines are used to detect targets.

Among the interesting features of the Onyx: each missile has its own individual container, which makes it possible to diagnose equipment without removing the load, as well as to facilitate the transport of the missile.

The missile is two-stage, with a combined propulsion system, and can reach a maximum speed of 3182 kilometers per hour at altitude and 2448 kilometers per hour near the ground. The flight range reaches 600 kilometers.

The flight altitude in the march section is 14 kilometers, in the terminal section – 10-15 meters. An inertial system with a radio altimeter is used on the walking stage, and on the final stage an active-passive radar guidance head, which can detect a target at a distance of 50 kilometers, is used. Other features of the missile include:

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