‘Climate impact of the rapid growth of LNG’ shows the impact of the Golden Pass and Port Arthur LNG plants on the climate


Twenty-five liquid natural gas terminals, including two in Port Arthur, could ultimately produce more than 90 million tonnes of greenhouse gases per year, according to a recently published report.

The report, by Environmental Integrity Project, says emissions from plants, including Golden Pass and Port Arthur LNG, will be equal to emissions from 18 million cars on the road for a year.

In June, the Project published the report “Playing with fire: the climate impact of the rapid growth of LNG” which focuses on the increase in the construction of LNG terminals in the United States linked to Ukraine and its impact on the climate and the release of various harmful emissions.

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“This report highlights recent developments in the U.S. LNG sector, and we really focus on the impact on emissions of the projects that have been proposed across the country as well as the terminals that are already operating and are in construction,” said EIP Senior. Research Analyst Alexandra Shaykevich. “We’ve also put this into context by highlighting some recent events that may have precipitated these recent contracts and accelerated construction schedules.”

Shaykevich is a credited author of the report and is joined by EIP Research Director Courtney Berhardt and Research Assistant Griffin Bird. The report also includes maps by Louisa Markow and a cover and infographic by Elizabeth Gething.

Jefferson County has two LNG terminals under construction: Golden Pass LNG and Port Arthur LNG.

Since both terminals are still under construction, Shaykevich said researchers “don’t know their total operating emissions, only their potential to emit greenhouse gases and other pollutants.”

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“Golden Pass LNG is permitted to emit 4,940,072 tonnes of greenhouse gases and 1,900 tonnes of criteria air pollutants each year, according to government records,” Shaykevich said. “However, FERC issued a capacity amendment on January 19, 2021 that would increase terminal production from 15.6 to 18.1 million tonnes per year.”

Both terminals received their construction permits in 2015, but the capacity change has not yet been incorporated into their state permits. Shaykevich said residents can expect emissions from the Golden Pass LNG terminal to be higher when the company amends its state permit with additional export volumes.

“Port Arthur LNG is permitted to emit 7,741,044 tonnes of greenhouse gases and 5,798 tonnes of criteria air pollutants each year, according to government records,” Shaykevich said. “However, TCEQ has not issued final construction permits under the Clean Air Act and draft permits will likely be revised with lower emissions totals.”

Shaykevich said the report also highlights the rate at which the situation has worsened in recent months and includes a timeline of recent contracts that have been signed.

“We thought it was really important to post an update because so much happened in 2022 and it was a really surprising year for LNG,” Shaykevich said. “We really thought this was a timely report. (It) communicates to the public and our allies the amount of data that has moved forward and gives an update on the current status of all of these projects that have been released. ”



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