12 Skills You Need to Learn to Become a Full-Stack Developer


Full-stack developers are highly skilled programmers who have the skills to work on both the front and back end of web applications. Given their versatility, full-stack developers are in high demand, making it a lucrative field to venture into. If you’re considering becoming a full-stack developer, we’ll walk you through the essential skills you need to acquire.

To start, we’ll look at the skills required to master the front-end side of programming, and then we’ll look at the skills required for the front-end side of things.

Front-end development focuses on the appearance and surface behavior of websites and applications. We’ll look at the languages ​​used to create and manage these effects.


Man working on a computer in front of a window

HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is used to create the structure of web pages and to tell browsers how to display their elements.

Virtually every other language used in web development integrates with HTML in some way, which is why HTML can be considered a key pillar of all web development.

Fortunately, understanding HTML is relatively easy compared to many basic programming languages.


Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a styling language used to create or modify the appearance of HTML elements. HTML and CSS should be used in concert — while HTML determines the structure of the website, CSS is used to manage styling and visual elements such as fonts, colors, etc. Like HTML, CSS is fairly easy to learn.


3. JavaScript

JavaScript is an object-oriented language primarily used to add dynamic behavior to HTML elements. A very common example of this would be animated cursors.

Apart from this, Javascript is one of the most widely used programming languages ​​for writing client-side and server-side development.

To excel in Javascript, you need to have some knowledge of the many javascript frameworks and libraries like ReactJs, JQuery, Vue, etc. Speaking of what…

4. ReactJS and JQuery

PHP code on a screen

ReactJS is one of the leading open source Javascript frameworks that can be used to create user interfaces. It’s important for full-stack developers because, among other benefits, it enables component reuse, which means you don’t have to write all your code from scratch.

Likewise, you will need to be familiar with JQuery, another javascript library. Although ReactJS and JQuery can be used to achieve the same effects, they do so in different ways and a good full-stack developer should know which one to use to get the best results in different cases.


PHP is one of the most popular programming languages ​​for backend development. It is an open-source, cross-platform language that seamlessly integrates with different operating systems. PHP works closely with the MySQL database, is lightweight, and doesn’t consume a lot of server resources for rendering pages.

Compared to other programming languages, PHP will take time and effort to master. But once you do, the benefits are enormous—and you can expect your skills to be in demand.


SQL is a programming language primarily used to organize and extract data in a relational database system. Put simply, full-stack developers use SQL to make backend elements such as the server and database communicate with each other, and are also used to create rules for storing, modifying, and retrieving data from the server.

7. Python

Python is a programming language with a range of features such as application and website development, task automation, and data analysis. While there are other languages ​​that can be used to do most of the different things Python is used for, few languages ​​offer the same level of multifunctionality, which makes Python a useful language for full-featured developers to master. -stack. Also, compared to many other backend languages, Python has a reputation for being easy to learn.

8. Java

Java is a robust general-purpose programming language that can be used for mobile, desktop, and web application development. Java also has an extensive collection of frameworks that help simplify backend development. To dispel a common misconception, Java is not connected to JavaScript.

The skills we’ve covered now are the foundation for full-stack development, but there’s a bit more to learn to become truly proficient.

Related: JavaScript One-Liners You Need to Know

9. Git and Github

Git is a popular open source version control system used to track changes to a set of files. It uses an interactive web-based interface that allows multiple people to edit files simultaneously without a hitch.

Github also serves as a sort of portfolio as it can be used as a repository where a developer’s project source code can be stored and easily presented to a potential employer.

Related: What is GitHub? An introduction to its basic features

11. Web Architecture

Web architecture encompasses the planning and design of the structure of websites (it can also refer to the conceptual structure of the global web itself). Full-stack developers need to master web architecture in order to develop server-side structures that will seamlessly integrate with the client-side.

12. HTTP and REST

Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is a protocol used to facilitate server-client communication, such as loading web pages. Given its vital role in connecting the server side, where much of the backend work takes place, and the client side, where much of the front end work takes place, full-stack developers need to be proficient with HTTP.

Representative State Transfer (REST) ​​also acts as an interface between the client side and the server side. For the same reasons as above, full-stack developers should be familiar with REST.

Start your journey to becoming a Full Stack Developer

While there are many other areas of knowledge you need to master to become a full-stack developer, mastering these 12 will put you on the right track.

One of the best things about becoming a full-stack developer is that you don’t even have to go to college to learn these skills.

There are an abundance of online resources and places to learn that will provide you with the skills you need to master these areas of programming, ranging from courses to YouTube videos and articles.

The 11 Best Free Online Coding Courses for Computer Programming

Ready to learn a programming language and land a new tech job? Check out our list of the best online coding courses to get started.

Read more

About the Author

Source link


Comments are closed.